Note 23 Purchase costs and costs of subcontracted work

€ million

2019

2018

Grid losses

52

49

Transport capacity and restrictions

190

191

Billing and payment collection

18

12

Contractors, materials and other

192

172

   

Total

452

424

The purchase costs and costs of subcontracted work were up by €28 million compared with the preceding year and amounted to €452 million. The costs of contractors and materials were up by €20 million, accounted for by the greater volume of work on the grid carried out in 2019. The costs of grid losses were up €3 million, primarily because of higher purchase tariffs.